Dorothy Roberts is a leading voice for reproductive freedom and has helped to transform advocacy for women’s health and rights. In this talk, she explains how the mainstream rhetoric of “choice” has privileged women who have the ability to choose from reproductive options that are unavailable to poor and low-income women, especially women of color. “Choice” is a weak basis for claiming public resources that most women need in order to maintain control over their bodies and their lives. Roberts argues instead for a “reproductive justice” framework that includes not only a woman’s right not to have a child, but also the right to have children and to raise them with dignity, taking into account the real world context of reproductive decision making. Reproductive freedom is matter of social justice.